TEMA: La shari‘a o ley sagrada de los musulmanes

El estatuto personal en derecho islámico

de la Puente, Cristina

ABSTRACT

This article revolves around the various personal statuses that Islamic jurisprudence has foreseen over the centuries. From a legal standpoint, «personal status» includes all those matters referring to individuals and their status within a community. It is therefore the cornerstone that determines a human being’s rights and obligations. Like other legal systems, Islamic law does not grant all individuals the same rights and obligations, but instead these differ in accordance with a range of criteria: being of legal age or not, gender, religion, being free or a slave (prior to the abolition of slavery), and so on. All of these factors will determine, on the one hand, whether the individual has or does not have «full legal capacity» and, on the other, which are the person’s «capacities to act» in different legal situations: marriage, divorce, trade, torts, emancipation, etc.

KEYWORDS

Personal status, legal capacity, legal guardianship, custody, dhimma, age of majority, sex/gender, marital status, motherhood/paternity, slavery.

Número 20
2022
BUSCADOR
Casa Árabe es un consorcio formado por:
MINISTERIO DE ASUNTOS EXTERIORES Y COOPERACIÓN. Aecid.JUNTA DE ANDALUCÍACOMUNIDAD DE MADRID. La Suma de Todos.Ayuntamiento de MadridAyuntamiento de Córdoba