TEMA: Ciencia en al-Ándalus

Botánica en al-Ándalus: un estudio comparativo de trabajos ilustrados de botánica en el Magreb y Máshreq.

Mustafá YavuzÖzlem Korkmaz

ABSTRACT

In this study, after a short introductory information on the etymology, origin, and transition of botanical knowledge in Medieval Islamic Civilisation, we made a comparison of illustrated botanical works in Maghreb and Masriq through two illustrated books. We studied on randomly selected illustrations from Kitab al-Hashaish at-Tibb li-Diskuridus al-Aynzarbi translated by Istefan ibn Basil & Hunayn ibn Ishaq from Dioscorides’ Materia Medica, and Kitab al-Adwiyat al-Mufradat of Abu Ja’far Ahmad al-Ghafiqi, the Andalusian physician, pharmacist, and herbalist. We made comparisons on the illustrations of nine plants and one lichen, chosen from Codex Osler of al-Ghafiqi, and Codices Ayasofya of Istefan-Hunayn, with real photos of plants and lichen, via the methods used currently in the science-art of botanical illustration. With this «botanical illustrative method», we conclude that in the same century, the work of al-Ghafiqi has been copied in a more accurate way than that of Istefan-Hunayn translation.

KEYWORDS

Dioscorides, al-Ghafiqi, History of Botany, al-Andalus.

Número 17-18
1er y 2o semestre de 2018
BUSCADOR
Casa Árabe es un consorcio formado por:
MINISTERIO DE ASUNTOS EXTERIORES Y COOPERACIÓN. Aecid.JUNTA DE ANDALUCÍACOMUNIDAD DE MADRID. La Suma de Todos.Ayuntamiento de MadridAyuntamiento de Córdoba